A few decades back, working or studying abroad was considered a huge milestone in a person’s life. In today’s environment, we see it has become far more common than ever before. People are now moving to various countries in search of better jobs, good education, and a better work environment. This mass phenomenon is called a “brain drain”, where a highly qualified individual moves away from their own country to another, to work there for better job opportunities. According to the ministry of external affairs, more than 750,000 Indian students are reported to be studying in foreign universities, and yet in another survey, 94% of students showed an interest in pursuing a course overseas. The juxtaposition that arises in our mind is to find the driving force that makes people leave this country and pursue their ambition in a different nation.
The factors that can give rise to this phenomenon are dependent on many things. Perhaps low remuneration or distress from the overworked job could be counted as a major cause of it. In some cases, an unskilled worker is promoted to a higher position based solely on a recommendation from an influential person, and the talent of a deserving person is frequently overlooked. Such instances provoke the citizens to relocate to another nation. The names of famous personalities like Sundar Pichai and Satya Nadella are the finest examples.
The negative effects of brain drain are clearly visible. The second wave of the coronavirus hit India and was a huge disaster, and it once again forced the citizens to see the lack of provision of health facilities and corruption that India faces even in the face of a deadly pandemic. The health sector was most affected in this light. Sadly, this phenomenon leads to the loss of precious talent in our country. The people who could have done so much for the improvement of this country, get better opportunities abroad to vitalize their skills. When well-skilled workers start leaving the country and unskilled workers replace them, it results in poor administration, corruption, bribery, and many more legal mishaps. The economy of a country is put in danger by having limitations on business growth and national development. A country needs its efficient workers to grow into a developed and successful nation. If this growth of declining skilled labour continues, India may always come under the term “developing country”.
That being said, there are a few ways to potentially diminish brain drain.
Strengthening of Basic Facilities
India indeed has many facilities and resources for education and health, but they need a considerable amount of improvement and expansion. They also need policies to change aspects of the respective fields to initialize these changes for improvement. If they go on this same track, it will be truly challenging for India to eradicate this system.
The formation of world-class institutions
With the development of world-class institutions in our motherland, it will attract not only Indians but also foreign students to pursue their education. It could also raise India’s economy.
Better Job Opportunities
In such a large population, it becomes difficult and rather stressful for one to find a decent job. The competition between the large population makes for a challenging and taxing environment. Many people compromise their skills for a low-income position. Creating good placement opportunities will ease this problem.
A Healthy Work Culture
In a recent survey, India’s work culture turned out to be the main cause of health problems amongst many employees. In some instances, the employees give their extra time to please their superiors. Unfortunately, this toxic culture is advocated for, which further makes employees repeat this cycle.
India has a lot of potential and talent hidden far and wide across the country. If these suggestions are seriously implemented and given proper inspection, then India will evolve to be a better country to live in.